The 7th International Conference on

Transportation and Space-time Economics (TSTE 2019)

11-13 October, 2019 | Beijing, China


Call for papers on Special Issue : Transport Policy on “High-speed Rail and Air Transport: Theoretical Analysis and Empirical Evidence” 


According to UIC (2018), high-speed rail (HSR) around the world has expanded quickly in the recent decades. In particular, China has constructed and operated the largest HSR network in the world. HSR has significant impacts on air transport (Ma et al., 2018; Li & Strauss, 2019). HSR is considered as a more environmentally friendly transport mode than air travel and has competitive advantages such as lower fare, higher frequency, and better on-time performance (e.g., Albalate et al., 2015; Wan et al., 2016; Wang et al., 2017). Not only competition, but also certain degree of cooperation between HSR and air transport is also studied (e.g., Clewlow, 2012; Yang & Zhang, 2012; Xia & Zhang, 2016). The emerging competition and cooperation between HSR and air transport is particularly important in the context of comprehensive transportation, regional and national economic development, wider economic impact (WEI), social and environmental considerations addressed by government sustainable development initiatives (Flyvbjerg et al., 2003; Rothengatter, 2010). 
In this special issue, we call attention to both theoretical analysis and empirical evidence on HSR and air transport. HSR can affect market supply such as scheduled seats (Dobruszkes et al., 2014), demand and profits of airlines (Yang & Zhang, 2012) and vice versa. The impact of HSR on greenhouse gas emission mitigation through substitution effect with other transport modes is also once facet of emerging HSR era (e.g., Robertson, 2016; D’Alfonso el al., 2016). However, there are strong arguments that HSR leads to induced demand and thus its environmental benefit is offset (Chen et al., 2016). Compared with conventional rail or highway, HSR may not be the best transportation mode with the lowest social cost to satisfy travel demand and regional economic development (e.g., Wu et al., 2014; Zhao et al., 2015; Zhang & Zhang, 2016). Therefore, it is imperative to deepen both theoretical and empirical studies with policy implications.   
This special issue will provide an opportunity for exchanging knowledge on HSR-related emerging theories (e.g., space & time theory), methodologies (e.g., big data analysis), comprehensive project evaluations, business models and competitive strategies. Specifically, we encourage submissions of original research articles that report significant research contributions including, but not limited to:   
•What are the possible economic impacts, as well as social and environmental consequences after HSR is introduced?

• What are the impacts of HSR on air travel demand, supply and social welfare?

• What are the challenges and opportunities for HSR project evaluation when economic evaluation cannot dominate the decision-making outcomes?

• What motivates stakeholders to get involved in the decision-making process of HSR development? What are their impacts on the development of HSR?

• Who are the winners and losers in the context of competition and cooperation between HSR and air transport? Do passengers of the conventional railway suffer from the increased supply of HSR service?

• What are the emergent business and governance models against the backdrop of big data and ICT technologies? To better satisfy market demand, what are possible strategies the HSR operator can take in the future?

• What are the changes of commuting behaviors after the entry of HSR? Does HSR worsen off or improve housing-job spatial mismatch?

• What is the financial performance of the HSR sector?

• What regulation models are needed to address price and service quality regulations when intermodal competition exists?

• What are positive or negative equity outcomes of HSR and air transport infrastructure and service expansion?

• What are the new applications of data collection methods and tools of analysis in the domain of HSR and air transport development?

Submission Guidelines
(1). Only papers presented at either of the following two conferences will be considered for this special issue:
1.2019 International Conference on Transportation and Space-time Economics (TSTE 2019)

2.2019 UIBE Workshop on Transportation Research

(2). Our special issue papers will be processed as the Virtual Special Issue (VSI) papers with the following procedures specified by Transport Policy:
1.For papers presented at the 2019 TSTE conference, please submit to the guest editor, Hongchang Li, at hchli@bjtu.edu.cn. For papers presented at the 2019 UIBE Workshop, please submit to the guest editor, Hangjun Yang, at hangjunyang@uibe.edu.cn. In the email title, please clearly indicate this is a special issue submission.

2.The guest editors will invite two referees to review the submitted papers.

3.Based on two referee reports, the guest editors will shortlist papers for revision-and-resubmission.

4.After revising the manuscript, the corresponding author has to inform the guest editor to acquire a consent email to allow submission to “Transport Policy” via the EVISE system at https://www.evise.com/profile/#/JTRP/login. The authors must select “SI: High-speed Rail and Air Transport” in the submission process.

(3). The following documents must be attached with this submission:
1.Guest Editor’s permission to submit the revised paper (an email copy is sufficient);

2.Referee reports from two reviewers;

3.Response letter from the authors to address the reviewers’ comments;

4.The revised manuscript.

 (4). All submitted papers must contain only original work, which has not been published by or currently under review for any other journal. Detailed format guidelines are available in the form of a “Guide for Authors” at: https://www.elsevier.com/journals/transport-policy/0967-070x/guide-for-authors.
Guest Editors
Anming Zhang, Professor, Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia, Canada, anming.zhang@sauder.ubc.ca (Lead GE)
Hangjun Yang, Professor, School of International Economics and Trade, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China, hangjunyang@uibe.edu.cn
Hongchang Li, Associate Professor, School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China, hchli@bjtu.edu.cn
Important Dates
Full paper submission deadline: November 30, 2019
Final decision notification deadline: November 30, 2020   
Albalate, D., Bel, G., & Fageda, X. (2015). Competition and cooperation between high-speed rail and air transportation services in Europe. Journal of Transport Geography, 42, 166-174.
Chen, Z., Xue, J., Rose, A.Z., Hayne, K.E. (2016) The impact of high-speed rail investment on economic and environmental change in China: a dynamic CGE analysis, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 92, 232-245.
Clewlow, R. R., Sussman, J. M., & Balakrishnan, H. (2012). Interaction of High-Speed Rail and Aviation: Exploring Air–Rail Connectivity. Transportation Research Record, 2266(1), 1-10.
D’Alfonso, T., Jiang, C., & Bracaglia, V. (2016). Air transport and high-speed rail competition: Environmental implications and mitigation strategies. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 92, 261-276.
Dobruszkes, F., Dehon, C., & Givoni, M. (2014). Does European high-speed rail affect the current level of air services? An EU-wide analysis. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 69, 461-475.
Flyvbjerg, B., Bruzelius, N., & Rothengatter, W. (2003). Megaprojects and risk: An anatomy of ambition. Cambridge University Press.
Li, H., Strauss, J., & Lu, L. (2019). The impact of high-speed rail on civil aviation in China. Transport Policy, 74, 187-200.
Ma, W., Wang, Q., Yang, H., Zhang, A., & Zhang, Y. (2018). Effects of Beijing-Shanghai high-speed rail on air travel: Passenger types, airline groups and tacit collusion. Forthcoming at Research in Transportation Economics.
Rothengatter, W. (2010). Competition between airlines and high-speed rail. In Critical issues in air transport economics and business (pp. 329-352). Routledge.
Robertson, S. (2016). The potential mitigation of CO2 emissions via modal substitution of high-speed rail for short-haul air travel from a life cycle perspective–An Australian case study. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 46, 365-380.
UIC. International Union of Railways (2018). Available at https://uic.org/high-speed-database-maps 
Wang, K., Xia, W., & Zhang, A. (2017). Should China further expand its high-speed rail network? Consider the low-cost carrier factor. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 100, 105-120.
Wan, Y., Ha, H. K., Yoshida, Y., & Zhang, A. (2016). Airlines’ reaction to high-speed rail entries: Empirical study of the Northeast Asian market. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 94, 532-557.
Wu, J., Nash, C., & Wang, D. (2014). Is high speed rail an appropriate solution to China’s rail capacity problems?. Journal of Transport Geography, 40, 100-111.
Xia, W., & Zhang, A. (2016). High-speed rail and air transport competition and cooperation: A vertical differentiation approach. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 94, 456-481.
Yang, H., & Zhang, A. (2012). Effects of high-speed rail and air transport competition on prices, profits and welfare. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 46(10), 1322-1333.
Zhao, J., Zhao, Y., & Li, Y. (2015). The variation in the value of travel-time savings and the dilemma of high-speed rail in China. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 82, 130-140.
Zhang, Y., & Zhang, A. (2016). Determinants of air passenger flows in China and gravity model: deregulation, LCCs, and high-speed rail. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 50(3), 287-303.

Important Dates
  • 15  March, 2019  Extended abstract submission opens
  • 31  May, 2019 Deadline for extended abstract submission
  • 15  June, 2019 Acceptance notification of extended abstract
  • 31  August, 2019 Deadline for full paper submission
  • 5  September, 2019 Formal review process for Special Issue and Best Papers to be published

Contact Us
Room 603, Siyuan East Building, Beijing Jiaotong University, No.3 Shangyuancun, Haidian Distinct, Beijing, China, 100044